Gems are valuable materials that can be found in veins underground, embedded in Stone blocks or in clusters on the sides of Stone blocks, which will drop the gem when mined. All gems can be placed after being mined.
Each gem type except for Amber can be used to create a Phaseblade of the matching color, though each color Phaseblade has identical attributes. Gems can also be combined with torches to create a colored torch. Topaz can also be used to craft the Sandgun, and Rubies can be used for the Gold Crown. 15 of any gem may be crafted into a colored grappling hook at an anvil. This can be used to avoid farming skeletons and piranhas for hooks.
Gems can also be crafted into staffs, which deal magic damage depending on the rarity of the stone (from amethyst to diamond), reaching to 28 from the diamond staff. Each higher-level gem requires a higher-tier metal. The spell travels at a medium speed, can pierce multiple enemies and glows brightly, making the staff into a handy cave exploring tool. The speed of the projectiles is not affected by water. The attack button can be held down for rapid fire. With such stats, staffs lie between the Space Gun and the Laser Rifle, making them a powerful pre-hardmode magic weapon. Gems can also be imbued into robes for early-game mage armor.
Gem rarity is not affected by depth; you will find as many gems near the surface as right above the Underworld. However, gems are far more common in the Underground Jungle. Some gems are less common than others; refer to the list below for each gem's rarity, in descending order.
 Gemstone Cave
Gemstone Cave are small caves in which great quantities of gems are found. It is filled with up to 4 different types of gems, although sometimes it's only filled with one type of gem. It also features a unique background (a gemstone wall) that is speckled with gems of the same color found in the Gemstone Cave. The gemstone wall is destroyed if you try to claim it with the hammer and cannot be mined.
Finding a Gemstone Cave early game allows a player to acquire a grappling hook very early in the game, as the cave often contains enough gem for a hook to be crafted.
In descending order of rarity and value (rarest at the top):
- Amber introduced.
- Appearance changed.
- Can now be found as crystals on cave walls and in Gemstone caves.
- Can now be used to craft Gem Grappling hooks.
- Stack limit increased from 99 to 999.
- 1.1: Can now be used to craft colored torches.
|Amber • Amethyst • Topaz • Sapphire • Emerald • Ruby • Diamond|