Mining speed

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Mining speed (also known as "tool speed") is an invisible statistic that determines how fast the player can mine (or break walls, or chop down trees/cacti). Its value shows the time per hit in 60ths of second. It is therefore something of a misnomer: it's presented in the form of the amount of time taken for a certain event, whereas speed is the number of events that take place in a certain amount of time (or, in mathematical terms, the number you see is the reciprocal of the speed). This means that faster tools have smaller numbers, not larger. For example, a mining speed of 15 means that the tool will hit the block every 15/60 of a second, or four times per second. A mining speed of 20, on the other hand, means that the tool will hit the block every 20/60 of a second, or three times per second.

When breaking walls, its value is cut in half, then any numbers after the decimal point removed (e.g. 2.8 would be rounded to 2.) Thus, walls break twice as fast as blocks.

Your final mining speed is determined only by the following:

  • Your tool's base tool speed, which is hidden in the game's code and not normally visible (but can be looked up on this wiki, referred to as "tool speed" on each tool's page and as "mining speed" as a column header in a table of tools).
  • Any speed-modifying prefix on the tool (the best being "Light," with a 15% increase. Note that for some tools, there are other prefixes which will work just as well. Details below). Changing other stats via a prefix (e.g. damage) has no effect on mining speed.
  • Buffs and items specifically increasing mining speed. Note that these only apply to tools that are capable of actual "mining," i.e. Pickaxes and Drills. An interesting quirk is that the Drax, Laser Drill, Pickaxe Axe, Picksaw and Shroomite Digging Claw, which can function as both pickaxes and axes, will benefit from these bonuses even when being used as an axe.

In particular, a tool's mining speed is independent of how quickly it swings, which is the speed you can see in the in-game tooltip (e.g. "Copper Pickaxe—Fast Speed"). That statistic is properly called "use time." Speed-modifying prefixes affect both mining speed and use time, potentially leading to the misconception that "melee speed" bonuses from armor and accessories improve mining speed. In truth, melee speed bonuses affect only use time, which is useful for combat but has absolutely no influence on mining speed.

Useful prefixes[edit | edit source]

Pickaxes (including the Pickaxe Axe, Shroomite Digging Claw, and Picksaw), axes, hammers, and hamaxes (including The Axe) can be reforged with speed bonuses to improve their mining speed. Drills (including the Drax), chainsaws, and the Chlorophyte Jackhammer cannot. The speed-increasing prefixes are:

Prefix Damage Speed Critical Strike Chance Size Knockback Tier Value
Light - +15% - - -10% - +7.12%
Legendary +15% +10% +5% +10% +15% +2 +209.85%
Deadly +10% +10% - - - +2 +46.41%
Agile - +10% +3% - - +1 +35.96%
Quick - +10% - - - +1 +21.00%
Nasty +5% +10% +2% - -10% +1 +16.87%
Murderous +7% +6% +3% - - +2 +44.54%
Nimble - +5% - - - +1 +10.25%

While the best prefix for mining in general is Light, certain tools will achieve the same speed with lesser prefixes due to rounding, which means it is much easier (and cheaper) to reforge these tools, since there are more prefixes that tie for "most optimal." This is complicated by the fact that tool speed is halved and floored when hammering, but the long and short of it is this:

Speed-increasing buffs and items[edit | edit source]

These are the buffs and items which improve mining speed (again: pickaxes and drills only):

This increase is capped at 70%, even though all items together add 100%.

Formula[edit | edit source]

1. Start with your tool's tool speed (as documented on this wiki).
2. Multiply by [1 - speed modification from tool prefix].
3. Round to the nearest whole number.

If your tool is a pickaxe or drill:
4. Add up all the bonuses to mining speed from buffs and items.
5. If you got more than 70%, use 70% instead.
6. Multiply the number you got in step 3 by [1 - the number you got in step 5].
7. Round down.

If you are hammering:
4. Divide by 2.
5. Round down.

Example: digging a tunnel with a Light Shroomite Digging Claw, having drunk a Mining Potion and wearing a Celestial Stone.

  1. The Claw's tool speed is 4
  2. The Light prefix has +15% speed. 4×(1-0.15) = 3.4
  3. 3.4 is rounded to 3
  4. The Mining Potion adds 25% and the Celestial Stone adds 15%. These total 40%
  5. 40% is less than 70% so we leave it alone
  6. 3×(1-0.40) = 1.8
  7. 1.8 is rounded down to 1

Performance will be one hit every 1/60s (e.g. it will mine 60/1 = 60 dirt blocks per second).

Example: chopping trees with an Annoying Pickaxe Axe, having drunk a Mining Potion.

  1. The Pickaxe Axe's tool speed is 7.
  2. The Annoying prefix has -15% speed. 7×(1-(-0.15)) = 8.05
  3. 8.05 is rounded to 8
  4. The Mining Potion adds 25%
  5. 25% is less than 70% so we leave it alone
  6. 8×(1-0.25) = 6
  7. 6 is already a whole number

Performance will be one hit every 6/60s, or 60/6 = 10 hits per second.
Trees have 500% hit points and the Pickaxe Axe has 110% axe power, so it will take CEILING(500%/110%) = 5 hits to chop down a tree, which will take (6×5)/60 = 0.5 seconds.

Example: tearing down background walls with a Murderous The Axe, wearing full Mining armor.

  1. The Axe's tool speed is 7
  2. The Murderous prefix has +6% speed. 7×(1-0.06) = 6.58
  3. 6.58 is rounded to 7
  4. 7/2 = 3.5
  5. 3.5 is rounded down to 3

Step 3 illustrates why some tools do not have their speed improved by some prefixes.
The Mining armor was a red herring: it has no effect on The Axe.
Performance will be one hit every 3/60s, so it will break 60/3 = 20 walls per second.

Mining speed tables[edit | edit source]

Note: the Legendary, Deadly, Agile, and Nasty prefixes have exactly the same impact on mining speed as Light.

Pickaxes/Drills[edit | edit source]

Information.svg Note: Modifiers aside, all drills which have a corresponding pickaxe are functionally identical to that pickaxe and have therefore been omitted, except for the Orichalcum Drill.
Pickaxe Made From Pickaxe
Power
Range Mining
Speed
Best Speed
(Minimum Prefix)
Can mine
Copper Pickaxe.pngCopper Pickaxe Copper Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 35% -1 15 13 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Cactus Pickaxe.pngCactus Pickaxe Cactus.png×15 35% 0 15 13 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Tin Pickaxe.pngTin Pickaxe Tin Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 35% 0 14 12 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Iron Pickaxe.pngIron Pickaxe Iron Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×3 40% 0 13 11 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Lead Pickaxe.pngLead Pickaxe Lead Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×3 43% 0 12 10 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Silver Pickaxe.pngSilver Pickaxe Silver Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 45% 0 11 09 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Tungsten Pickaxe.pngTungsten Pickaxe Tungsten Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 50% 0 19 16 (Light) Meteorite
Bone Pickaxe.pngBone Pickaxe N/A (Dropped by Undead Miner) 50% 0 11 09 (Light) Meteorite
Gold Pickaxe.pngGold Pickaxe Gold Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 55% 0 17 14 (Light) Meteorite, Demonite, Crimtane
Candy Cane Pickaxe.pngCandy Cane PickaxeDesktop VersionConsole VersionOld-gen console versionMobile Version N/A (Dropped by Present) 55% 0 16 14 (Quick) Meteorite, Demonite, Crimtane
Platinum Pickaxe.pngPlatinum Pickaxe Platinum Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 59% 0 15 13 (Light) Meteorite, Demonite, Crimtane
Nightmare Pickaxe.pngNightmare Pickaxe Demonite Bar.png×12 + Shadow Scale.png×6 65% 0 15 13 (Light) Hellstone, Obsidian,
Ebonstone/Crimstone, Dungeon Brick
Deathbringer Pickaxe.pngDeathbringer Pickaxe Crimtane Bar.png×12 + Tissue Sample.png×6 70% 0 14 12 (Light) Hellstone, Obsidian,
Ebonstone/Crimstone, Dungeon Brick
Molten Pickaxe.pngMolten Pickaxe Hellstone Bar.png×20 100% 0 18 15 (Light) Cobalt, Palladium
Reaver Shark.pngReaver Shark N/A (Obtained from fishing) 100% 0 18 15 (Light) Cobalt, Palladium
Cobalt Pickaxe.pngCobalt Pickaxe Cobalt Bar.png×15 110% 0 13 11 (Light) Mythril, Orichalcum
Palladium Pickaxe.pngPalladium Pickaxe Palladium Bar.png×15 130% 0 11 09 (Light) Mythril, Orichalcum, Mobile VersionAdamantite
Mythril Pickaxe.pngMythril Pickaxe Mythril Bar.png×15 150% 0 10 09 (Murderous) Adamantite, Titanium
Orichalcum Pickaxe.pngOrichalcum Pickaxe Orichalcum Bar.png×18 165% 0 8 07 (Quick) Adamantite, Titanium
Orichalcum Drill.pngOrichalcum Drill Orichalcum Bar.png×18 165% 0 10 10 (ineligible) Adamantite, Titanium
Adamantite Pickaxe.pngAdamantite Pickaxe Adamantite Bar.png×18 180% 0 7 06 (Quick) Adamantite, Titanium
Titanium Pickaxe.pngTitanium Pickaxe Titanium Bar.png×20 190% 0 7 06 (Quick) Adamantite, Titanium
Chlorophyte Pickaxe.pngChlorophyte Pickaxe Chlorophyte Bar.png×18 200% +1 7 06 (Quick) Chlorophyte
Spectre Pickaxe.pngSpectre Pickaxe Old-gen console versionMobile VersionEctoplasm.png×18 + Chlorophyte Bar.png×18
Desktop Version Spectre Bar.png×18
200% +3 10 09 (Murderous) Chlorophyte
Pickaxe Axe.pngPickaxe Axe Hallowed Bar.png×18 + Soul of Might.png×1 + Soul of Fright.png×1 + Soul of Sight.png×1 200% 0 7 06 (Quick) Chlorophyte
Shroomite Digging Claw.pngShroomite Digging ClawDesktop VersionConsole VersionOld-gen console versionMobile Version Shroomite Bar.png×18 200% -1 4 03 (Light) Chlorophyte
Picksaw.pngPicksaw N/A (Dropped by Golem 12.5%) 210% +1 6 05 (Quick) Lihzahrd Brick
Nebula Pickaxe.pngLuminite PickaxesDesktop VersionConsole Version Luminite Bar.png×10 +
[ Solar Fragment.png×12 or Vortex Fragment.png×12
or Nebula Fragment.png×12 or Stardust Fragment.png×12 ]
225% +4 6 05 (Quick) Lihzahrd Brick
Laser Drill.pngLaser DrillDesktop VersionConsole Version N/A (Dropped by Martian Saucer 11.11%) 230% + 10 8 08 (ineligible) Lihzahrd Brick

Axes/Chainsaws[edit | edit source]

Note: modifiers aside, all chainsaws which have a corresponding axe are functionally identical to that axe and have therefore been omitted, except for the Chlorophyte Chainsaw.

Axe Made From Axe
Power
Range Mining
Speed
Best Speed
(Minimum Prefix)
Tree Time
(No Prefix)
Tree Time
(Best Prefix)
Copper Axe.pngCopper Axe Copper Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 35% 0 21 18 (Light) 5.25s 4.50s
Tin Axe.pngTin Axe Tin Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 40% 0 20 17 (Light) 4.33s 3.68s
Iron Axe.pngIron Axe Iron Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 45% 0 19 16 (Light) 3.80s 3.20s
Lead Axe.pngLead Axe Lead Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 50% 0 19 16 (Light) 3.17s 2.67s
Silver Axe.pngSilver Axe Silver Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 50% 0 18 15 (Light) 3.00s 2.50s
Gold Axe.pngGold Axe Gold Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 55% 0 18 15 (Light) 3.00s 2.50s
Tungsten Axe.pngTungsten Axe Tungsten Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 55% 0 18 15 (Light) 3.00s 2.50s
Platinum Axe.pngPlatinum Axe Platinum Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 60% 0 17 14 (Light) 2.55s 2.10s
Cobalt Waraxe.pngCobalt Waraxe Cobalt Bar.png×10 70% 0 8 07 (Quick) 1.07s 0.93s
Sawtooth Shark.pngSawtooth Shark N/A (Obtained from fishing) 70% 0 8 08 (ineligible) 1.07s 1.07s
Blood Lust Cluster.pngBlood Lust Cluster Crimtane Bar.png×10 75% 0 15 13 (Light) 1.75s 1.52s
Palladium Waraxe.pngPalladium Waraxe Palladium Bar.png×12 75% 0 8 07 (Quick) 0.93s 0.82s
War Axe of the Night.pngWar Axe of the Night Demonite Bar.png×10 75% 0 15 13 (Light) 1.75s 1.52s
Mythril Waraxe.pngMythril Waraxe Mythril Bar.png×10 85% 0 8 07 (Quick) 0.80s 0.70s
Orichalcum Waraxe.pngOrichalcum Waraxe Orichalcum Bar.png×12 90% 0 7 06 (Quick) 0.70s 0.60s
Adamantite Waraxe.pngAdamantite Waraxe Adamantite Bar.png×12 100% 0 6 05 (Quick) 0.50s 0.42s
Meteor Hamaxe.pngMeteor Hamaxe Meteorite Bar.png× Desktop VersionConsole Version20/Mobile Version35 100% 0 16 14 (Quick) 1.33s 1.17s
Titanium Waraxe.pngTitanium Waraxe Titanium Bar.png×13 105% 0 6 05 (Quick) 0.50s 0.42s
Pickaxe Axe.pngPickaxe Axe Hallowed Bar.png×18 + Soul of Might.png×1 + Soul of Sight.png×1 + Soul of Fright.png×1 110% 0 7 06 (Quick) 0.58s 0.50s
Chlorophyte Greataxe.pngChlorophyte Greataxe Chlorophyte Bar.png×18 115% +1 6 05 (Quick) 0.50s 0.42s
Chlorophyte Chainsaw.pngChlorophyte Chainsaw Chlorophyte Bar.png×18 115% +1 7 07 (ineligible) 0.58s 0.58s
Picksaw.pngPicksaw N/A (Dropped by Golem 12.5%) 125% +1 6 05 (Quick) 0.40s 0.33s
Shroomite Digging Claw.pngShroomite Digging ClawDesktop VersionConsole VersionOld-gen console versionMobile Version Shroomite Bar.png×18 125% -1 4 03 (Light) 0.27s 0.20s
Nebula Hamaxe.pngLuminite HamaxesDesktop VersionConsole Version Luminite Bar.png×12 +
[ Solar Fragment.png×14 or Vortex Fragment.png×14
or Nebula Fragment.png×14 or Stardust Fragment.png×14 ]
150% +4 7 06 (Quick) 0.47s 0.40s
Molten Hamaxe.pngMolten Hamaxe Hellstone Bar.png×15 150% 0 14 12 (Light) 0.93s 0.80s
Spectre Hamaxe.pngSpectre Hamaxe Desktop Version Spectre Bar.png×18
Old-gen console versionMobile Version Ectoplasm.png×18 + Chlorophyte Bar.png×18
150% +3 8 07 (Quick) 0.53s 0.47s
Butcher's Chainsaw.pngButcher's ChainsawDesktop VersionConsole Version N/A (Dropped by Butcher 2.5%) 150% 0 9 09 (ineligible) 0.60s 0.60s
Laser Drill.pngLaser DrillDesktop VersionConsole Version N/A (Dropped by Martian Saucer 11.11%) 150% +10 8 08 (ineligible) 0.53s 0.53s
The Axe.pngThe Axe N/A (Dropped by Plantera 2%) 175% +1 7 (Desktop Version)
6 (Mobile VersionConsole Version)
06 (Quick) (Desktop Version)
05 (Quick) (Mobile VersionConsole Version)
0.35s (Desktop Version)
0.30s (Mobile VersionConsole Version)
0.30s (Desktop Version)
0.25s (Mobile VersionConsole Version)

Hammers[edit | edit source]

Notes:

  • The hit points of a wall are more than 60% and at most 70% (the exact value is unknown). Therefore: tools with at least 70% hammer power will break a wall in one hit, the Wooden Hammer will take three hits, and all other hammers will take two hits.
  • The Chlorophyte Jackhammer is the only jackhammer in the game.
  • While the Meteor and Molten Hamaxes do not further improve their hammer performance with prefixes beyond Nimble, they can improve their axe performance.
  • While the Luminite Hamaxes and The Axe do not improve their hammer performance with prefixes, they can improve their axe performance.
Hammer Made From Hammer
Power
Range Mining
Speed
Effective
Speed
Best Effective Speed
(Minimum Prefix)
Wooden Hammer.pngWooden Hammer Wood.png×8 25% 0 25 12 10 (Light)
Boreal Wood Hammer.pngBoreal Wood HammerDesktop VersionConsole VersionOld-gen console versionMobile Version Boreal Wood.png×8 35% 0 23 11 10 (Quick)
Copper Hammer.pngCopper Hammer Copper Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 35% 0 23 11 10 (Quick)
Palm Wood Hammer.pngPalm Wood HammerDesktop VersionConsole VersionOld-gen console versionMobile Version Palm Wood.png×8 35% 0 23 11 10 (Quick)
Rich Mahogany Hammer.pngRich Mahogany Hammer Rich Mahogany.png×8 35% 0 23 11 10 (Quick)
Tin Hammer.pngTin Hammer Tin Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 38% 0 21 10 09 (Quick)
Ebonwood Hammer.pngEbonwood Hammer Ebonwood.png×8 40% 0 20 10 08 (Light)
Iron Hammer.pngIron Hammer Iron Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 40% 0 20 10 08 (Light)
Shadewood Hammer.pngShadewood Hammer Shadewood.png×8 40% 0 20 10 08 (Light)
Lead Hammer.pngLead Hammer Lead Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 43% 0 19 9 08 (Quick)
Pearlwood Hammer.pngPearlwood Hammer Pearlwood.png×8 45% 0 19 9 08 (Quick)
Silver Hammer.pngSilver Hammer Silver Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 45% 0 19 9 08 (Quick)
Tungsten Hammer.pngTungsten Hammer Tungsten Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 50% 0 25 12 10 (Light)
Flesh Grinder.pngFlesh Grinder Crimtane Bar.png×10 + Tissue Sample.png×5 55% 0 19 9 08 (Quick)
The Breaker.pngThe Breaker Demonite Bar.png×10 + Shadow Scale.png×5 55% 0 19 9 08 (Quick)
Gold Hammer.pngGold Hammer Gold Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 55% 0 23 11 10 (Quick)
Platinum Hammer.pngPlatinum Hammer Platinum Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 59% 0 21 10 09 (Quick)
Meteor Hamaxe.pngMeteor Hamaxe Meteorite Bar.png× Desktop VersionConsole Version20/Mobile Version35 60% 0 16 8 07 (Nimble)
Rockfish.pngRockfish N/A (Obtained from fishing) 70% 0 14 7 06 (Nimble)
Molten Hamaxe.pngMolten Hamaxe Hellstone Bar.png×15 70% 0 14 7 06 (Nimble)
Pwnhammer.pngPwnhammer N/A (Dropped by the Wall of Flesh 100%) 80% 0 14 7 06 (Nimble)
Hammush.pngHammush N/A (Bought from the Truffle for 40 Gold Coin) 85% 0 14 7 06 (Nimble)
Chlorophyte Warhammer.pngChlorophyte Warhammer Chlorophyte Bar.png×18 90% +1 14 7 06 (Nimble)
Chlorophyte Jackhammer.pngChlorophyte Jackhammer Chlorophyte Bar.png×18 90% +1 16 8 08 (ineligible)
Spectre Hamaxe.pngSpectre Hamaxe Desktop Version Spectre Bar.png×18
Old-gen console versionMobile Version Ectoplasm.png×18 + Chlorophyte Bar.png×18
90% +3 8 4 03 (Quick)
Nebula Hamaxe.pngLuminite HamaxesDesktop VersionConsole Version Desktop Version Luminite Bar.png×12 +
[ Solar Fragment.png×14 or Vortex Fragment.png×14
or Nebula Fragment.png×14 or Stardust Fragment.png×14 ]
100% +4 7 3 03 (none)
The Axe.pngThe Axe N/A (Dropped by Plantera 2%) 100% +1 7 (Desktop Version)
6 (Mobile VersionConsole Version)
3 03 (none) (Desktop Version)
02 (Quick) (Mobile VersionConsole Version)

Fastest mining tools[edit | edit source]

Note: again, the Legendary, Deadly, Agile, and Nasty prefixes have exactly the same impact on mining speed as Light.

Pre-hardmode[edit | edit source]

Pickaxes

Axes

Hammers

Hardmode[edit | edit source]

Pickaxes

Axes

Hammers

Trivia[edit | edit source]

Despite being presumably higher-tech, Drills and Chainsaws are generally inferior to Pickaxes and Axes made out of the same material: they have the same or worse tool speed and they cannot be reforged to increase that speed. They do have the advantage that clicking "resets" the digging process, so you can theoretically make up the difference (and then some) by clicking rapidly. However, faster tools require faster clicking to keep up, and realistically, doing this with even Cobalt tools is very demanding, most likely requiring two hands on the mouse for any player not thoroughly seasoned in rapid clicking from other games.

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