Mining speed

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Mining speed (also known as "tool speed") is an invisible statistic that determines how fast the player can mine (or break walls, or chop down trees/cacti). Its value shows the time per hit in 60ths of second. It is therefore something of a misnomer: it's presented in the form of the amount of time taken for a certain event, whereas speed is the number of events that take place in a certain amount of time (or, in mathematical terms, the number you see is the reciprocal of the speed). This means that faster tools have smaller numbers, not larger. For example, a mining speed of 15 means that the tool will hit the block every 15/60 of a second, or four times per second. A mining speed of 20, on the other hand, means that the tool will hit the block every 20/60 of a second, or three times per second.

When breaking walls, its value is cut in half, then any numbers after the decimal point removed (e.g. 2.8 would be rounded to 2.) Thus, walls break twice as fast as blocks.

Your final mining speed is determined only by the following:

  • Your tool's base tool speed, which is hidden in the game's code and not normally visible (but can be looked up on this wiki, referred to as "tool speed" on each tool's page and as "mining speed" as a column header in a table of tools).
  • Any speed-modifying prefix on the tool (the best being "Light," with a 15% increase. Note that for some tools, there are other prefixes which will work just as well. Details below). Changing other stats via a prefix (e.g. damage) has no effect on mining speed.
  • Buffs and items specifically increasing mining speed. Note that these only apply to tools that are capable of actual "mining," i.e. Pickaxes and Drills. An interesting quirk is that the Drax, Laser Drill, Pickaxe Axe, Picksaw and Shroomite Digging Claw, which can function as both pickaxes and axes, will benefit from these bonuses even when being used as an axe.

In particular, a tool's mining speed is independent of how quickly it swings, which is the speed you can see in the in-game tooltip (e.g. "Copper Pickaxe—Fast Speed"). That statistic is properly called "use time." Speed-modifying prefixes affect both mining speed and use time, potentially leading to the misconception that "melee speed" bonuses improve mining speed. In truth, melee speed bonuses affect only use time, which is useful for combat but has NO influence on mining speed.

Useful prefixes[edit | edit source]

Pickaxes (including the Pickaxe Axe, Shroomite Digging Claw, and Picksaw), axes, hammers, and hamaxes (including The Axe) can be reforged with speed bonuses to improve their mining speed. Drills (including the Drax), chainsaws, and the Chlorophyte Jackhammer cannot. The speed-increasing prefixes are:

Prefix Damage Speed Critical Strike Chance Size Knockback Tier Value
Light - +15% - - -10% - +7.12%
Legendary +15% +10% +5% +10% +15% +2 +209.85%
Deadly +10% +10% - - - +2 +46.41%
Agile - +10% +3% - - +1 +35.96%
Quick - +10% - - - +1 +21.00%
Nasty +5% +10% +2% - -10% +1 +16.87%
Murderous +7% +6% +3% - - +2 +44.54%
Nimble - +5% - - - +1 +10.25%

While the best prefix for mining in general is Light, certain tools will achieve the same speed with lesser prefixes due to rounding, which means it is much easier (and cheaper) to reforge these tools, since there are more prefixes that tie for "most optimal." This is complicated by the fact that tool speed is halved and floored when hammering, but the long and short of it is this:

Speed-increasing buffs and items[edit | edit source]

These are the buffs and items which improve mining speed (again: pickaxes and drills only):

This increase is capped at 70%, even though all items together add 100%.

Formula[edit | edit source]

1. Start with your tool's tool speed (as documented on this wiki).
2. Multiply by [1 - speed modification from tool prefix].
3. Round to the nearest whole number.

If your tool is a pickaxe or drill:
4. Add up all the bonuses to mining speed from buffs and items.
5. If you got more than 70%, use 70% instead.
6. Multiply the number you got in step 3 by [1 - the number you got in step 5].
7. Round down.

If you are hammering:
4. Divide by 2.
5. Round down.

Example: digging a tunnel with a Light Shroomite Digging Claw, having drunk a Mining Potion and wearing a Celestial Stone.

  1. The Claw's tool speed is 4
  2. The Light prefix has +15% speed. 4×(1-0.15) = 3.4
  3. 3.4 is rounded to 3
  4. The Mining Potion adds 25% and the Celestial Stone adds 15%. These total 40%
  5. 40% is less than 70% so we leave it alone
  6. 3×(1-0.40) = 1.8
  7. 1.8 is rounded down to 1

Performance will be one hit every 1/60s (e.g. it will mine 60/1 = 60 dirt blocks per second).

Example: chopping trees with an Annoying Pickaxe Axe, having drunk a Mining Potion.

  1. The Pickaxe Axe's tool speed is 7.
  2. The Annoying prefix has -15% speed. 7×(1-(-0.15)) = 8.05
  3. 8.05 is rounded to 8
  4. The Mining Potion adds 25%
  5. 25% is less than 70% so we leave it alone
  6. 8×(1-0.25) = 6
  7. 6 is already a whole number

Performance will be one hit every 6/60s, or 60/6 = 10 hits per second.
Trees have 500% hit points and the Pickaxe Axe has 110% axe power, so it will take CEILING(500%/110%) = 5 hits to chop down a tree, which will take (6×5)/60 = 0.5 seconds.

Example: tearing down background walls with a Murderous The Axe, wearing full Mining armor.

  1. The Axe's tool speed is 7
  2. The Murderous prefix has +6% speed. 7×(1-0.06) = 6.58
  3. 6.58 is rounded to 7
  4. 7/2 = 3.5
  5. 3.5 is rounded down to 3

Step 3 illustrates why some tools do not have their speed improved by some prefixes.
The Mining armor was a red herring: it has no effect on The Axe.
Performance will be one hit every 3/60s, so it will break 60/3 = 20 walls per second.

Mining speed tables[edit | edit source]

Note: the Legendary, Deadly, Agile, and Nasty prefixes have exactly the same impact on mining speed as Quick.

Pickaxes/Drills[edit | edit source]

Note: modifiers aside, all drills which have a corresponding pickaxe are functionally identical to that pickaxe and have therefore been omitted, except for the Orichalcum Drill.

Pickaxe Made From Pickaxe
Power
Range Mining
Speed
Best Speed
(Minimum Prefix)
Can mine
Copper Pickaxe.png Copper Pickaxe Copper Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 35% -1 15 13 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Cactus Pickaxe.png Cactus Pickaxe Cactus.png×15 35% 0 15 13 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Tin Pickaxe.png Tin Pickaxe Tin Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 35% 0 14 12 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Iron Pickaxe.png Iron Pickaxe Iron Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×3 40% 0 13 11 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Lead Pickaxe.png Lead Pickaxe Lead Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×3 43% 0 12 10 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Silver Pickaxe.png Silver Pickaxe Silver Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 45% 0 11 09 (Light) Everything below Meteorite
Tungsten Pickaxe.png Tungsten Pickaxe Tungsten Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 50% 0 19 16 (Light) Meteorite
Bone Pickaxe.png Bone Pickaxe N/A (Dropped by Undead Miner) 50% 0 11 09 (Light) Meteorite
Gold Pickaxe.png Gold Pickaxe Gold Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 55% 0 17 14 (Light) Meteorite, Demonite, Crimtane
Candy Cane Pickaxe.png Candy Cane Pickaxe Desktop only.pngConsole only.pngMobile only.png N/A (Dropped by Present) 55% 0 16 14 (Quick) Meteorite, Demonite, Crimtane
Platinum Pickaxe.png Platinum Pickaxe Platinum Bar.png×12 + Wood.png×4 59% 0 15 13 (Light) Meteorite, Demonite, Crimtane
Nightmare Pickaxe.png Nightmare Pickaxe Demonite Bar.png×12 + Shadow Scale.png×6 65% 0 15 13 (Light) Hellstone, Obsidian,
Ebonstone/Crimstone, Dungeon Brick
Deathbringer Pickaxe.png Deathbringer Pickaxe Crimtane Bar.png×12 + Tissue Sample.png×6 70% 0 14 12 (Light) Hellstone, Obsidian,
Ebonstone/Crimstone, Dungeon Brick
Molten Pickaxe.png Molten Pickaxe Hellstone Bar.png×20 100% 0 18 15 (Light) Cobalt, Palladium
Reaver Shark.png Reaver Shark N/A (Obtained from fishing) 100% 0 18 15 (Light) Cobalt, Palladium
Cobalt Pickaxe.png Cobalt Pickaxe Cobalt Bar.png×15 110% 0 13 11 (Light) Mythril, Orichalcum
Palladium Pickaxe.png Palladium Pickaxe Palladium Bar.png×15 130% 0 11 09 (Light) Mythril, Orichalcum
Mythril Pickaxe.png Mythril Pickaxe Mythril Bar.png×15 150% 0 10 09 (Murderous) Adamantite, Titanium
Orichalcum Pickaxe.png Orichalcum Pickaxe Orichalcum Bar.png×18 165% 0 8 07 (Quick) Adamantite, Titanium
Orichalcum Drill.png Orichalcum Drill Orichalcum Bar.png×18 165% 0 10 10 (ineligible) Adamantite, Titanium
Adamantite Pickaxe.png Adamantite Pickaxe Adamantite Bar.png×18 180% 0 7 06 (Quick) Adamantite, Titanium
Titanium Pickaxe.png Titanium Pickaxe Titanium Bar.png×20 190% 0 7 06 (Quick) Adamantite, Titanium
Chlorophyte Pickaxe.png Chlorophyte Pickaxe Chlorophyte Bar.png×18 200% +1 7 06 (Quick) Chlorophyte
Spectre Pickaxe.png Spectre Pickaxe Console only.pngMobile only.pngEctoplasm.png×18 + Chlorophyte Bar.png×18
Desktop only.png Spectre Bar.png×18
200% +3 10 09 (Murderous) Chlorophyte
Pickaxe Axe.png Pickaxe Axe Hallowed Bar.png×18 + Soul of Might.png×1 + Soul of Fright.png×1 + Soul of Sight.png×1 200% 0 7 06 (Quick) Chlorophyte
Shroomite Digging Claw.png Shroomite Digging Claw Desktop only.pngConsole only.pngMobile only.png Shroomite Bar.png×18 200% -1 4 03 (Light) Chlorophyte
Picksaw.png Picksaw N/A (Dropped by Golem 12.5%) 210% +1 6 05 (Quick) Lihzahrd Brick
Nebula Pickaxe.png Luminite Pickaxes Desktop only.png Desktop only.png Luminite Bar.png×10 +
[ Solar Fragment.png×12 or Vortex Fragment.png×12
or Nebula Fragment.png×12 or Stardust Fragment.png×12 ]
225% +4 6 05 (Quick) Lihzahrd Brick
Laser Drill.png Laser Drill Desktop only.png Desktop only.png N/A (Dropped by Martian Saucer 11.11%) 230% + 10 8 08 (ineligible) Lihzahrd Brick

Axes/Chainsaws[edit | edit source]

Note: modifiers aside, all chainsaws which have a corresponding axe are functionally identical to that axe and have therefore been omitted, except for the Chlorophyte Chainsaw.

Axe Made From Axe
Power
Range Mining
Speed
Best Speed
(Minimum Prefix)
Tree Time
(No Prefix)
Tree Time
(Best Prefix)
Copper Axe.png Copper Axe Copper Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 35% 0 21 18 (Light) 5.25s 4.50s
Tin Axe.png Tin Axe Tin Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 40% 0 20 17 (Light) 4.33s 3.68s
Iron Axe.png Iron Axe Iron Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 45% 0 19 16 (Light) 3.80s 3.20s
Lead Axe.png Lead Axe Lead Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 50% 0 19 16 (Light) 3.17s 2.67s
Silver Axe.png Silver Axe Silver Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 50% 0 18 15 (Light) 3.00s 2.50s
Gold Axe.png Gold Axe Gold Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 55% 0 18 15 (Light) 3.00s 2.50s
Tungsten Axe.png Tungsten Axe Tungsten Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 55% 0 18 15 (Light) 3.00s 2.50s
Platinum Axe.png Platinum Axe Platinum Bar.png×9 + Wood.png×3 60% 0 17 14 (Light) 2.55s 2.10s
Cobalt Waraxe.png Cobalt Waraxe Cobalt Bar.png×10 70% 0 8 07 (Quick) 1.07s 0.93s
Sawtooth Shark.png Sawtooth Shark N/A (Obtained from fishing) 70% 0 8 08 (ineligible) 1.07s 1.07s
Blood Lust Cluster.png Blood Lust Cluster Crimtane Bar.png×10 75% 0 15 13 (Light) 1.75s 1.52s
Palladium Waraxe.png Palladium Waraxe Palladium Bar.png×12 75% 0 8 07 (Quick) 0.93s 0.82s
War Axe of the Night.png War Axe of the Night Demonite Bar.png×10 75% 0 15 13 (Light) 1.75s 1.52s
Mythril Waraxe.png Mythril Waraxe Mythril Bar.png×10 85% 0 8 07 (Quick) 0.80s 0.70s
Orichalcum Waraxe.png Orichalcum Waraxe Orichalcum Bar.png×12 90% 0 7 06 (Quick) 0.70s 0.60s
Adamantite Waraxe.png Adamantite Waraxe Adamantite Bar.png×12 100% 0 6 05 (Quick) 0.50s 0.42s
Meteor Hamaxe.png Meteor Hamaxe Meteorite Bar.png× Desktop only.pngConsole only.png20/Mobile only.png35 100% 0 16 14 (Quick) 1.33s 1.17s
Titanium Waraxe.png Titanium Waraxe Titanium Bar.png×13 105% 0 6 05 (Quick) 0.50s 0.42s
Pickaxe Axe.png Pickaxe Axe Hallowed Bar.png×18 + Soul of Might.png×1 + Soul of Sight.png×1 + Soul of Fright.png×1 110% 0 7 06 (Quick) 0.58s 0.50s
Chlorophyte Greataxe.png Chlorophyte Greataxe Chlorophyte Bar.png×18 115% +1 6 05 (Quick) 0.50s 0.42s
Chlorophyte Chainsaw.png Chlorophyte Chainsaw Chlorophyte Bar.png×18 115% +1 7 07 (ineligible) 0.58s 0.58s
Picksaw.png Picksaw N/A (Dropped by Golem 12.5%) 125% +1 6 05 (Quick) 0.40s 0.33s
Shroomite Digging Claw.png Shroomite Digging Claw Desktop only.pngConsole only.pngMobile only.png Shroomite Bar.png×18 125% -1 4 03 (Light) 0.27s 0.20s
Nebula Hamaxe.png Luminite Hamaxes Desktop only.png Desktop only.png Luminite Bar.png×12 +
[ Solar Fragment.png×14 or Vortex Fragment.png×14
or Nebula Fragment.png×14 or Stardust Fragment.png×14 ]
150% +4 7 06 (Quick) 0.47s 0.40s
Molten Hamaxe.png Molten Hamaxe Hellstone Bar.png×15 150% 0 14 12 (Light) 0.93s 0.80s
Spectre Hamaxe.png Spectre Hamaxe Desktop only.png Spectre Bar.png×18
Console only.pngMobile only.png Ectoplasm.png×18 + Chlorophyte Bar.png×18
150% +3 8 07 (Quick) 0.53s 0.47s
Butcher's Chainsaw.png Butcher's Chainsaw Desktop only.png N/A (Dropped by Butcher 2.5%) 150% 0 9 09 (ineligible) 0.60s 0.60s
Laser Drill.png Laser Drill Desktop only.png Desktop only.png N/A (Dropped by Martian Saucer 11.11%) 150% +10 8 08 (ineligible) 0.53s 0.53s
The Axe.png The Axe N/A (Dropped by Plantera 2%) 175% +1 7 (Desktop only.png)
6 (Mobile only.pngConsole only.png)
06 (Quick) (Desktop only.png)
05 (Quick) (Mobile only.pngConsole only.png)
0.35s (Desktop only.png)
0.30s (Mobile only.pngConsole only.png)
0.30s (Desktop only.png)
0.25s (Mobile only.pngConsole only.png)

Hammers[edit | edit source]

Notes:

  • The hit points of a wall are more than 60% and at most 70% (the exact value is unknown). Therefore: tools with at least 70% hammer power will break a wall in one hit, the Wooden Hammer will take three hits, and all other hammers will take two hits.
  • The Chlorophyte Jackhammer is the only jackhammer in the game.
  • While the Meteor and Molten Hamaxes do not further improve their hammer performance with prefixes beyond Nimble, they can improve their axe performance.
  • While the Luminite Hamaxes and The Axe do not improve their hammer performance with prefixes, they can improve their axe performance.
Hammer Made From Hammer
Power
Range Mining
Speed
Effective
Speed
Best Effective Speed
(Minimum Prefix)
Wooden Hammer.png Wooden Hammer Wood.png×8 25% 0 25 12 10 (Light)
Boreal Wood Hammer.png Boreal Wood Hammer Desktop only.pngConsole only.pngMobile only.png Boreal Wood.png×8 35% 0 23 11 10 (Quick)
Copper Hammer.png Copper Hammer Copper Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 35% 0 23 11 10 (Quick)
Palm Wood Hammer.png Palm Wood Hammer Desktop only.pngConsole only.pngMobile only.png Palm Wood.png×8 35% 0 23 11 10 (Quick)
Rich Mahogany Hammer.png Rich Mahogany Hammer Rich Mahogany.png×8 35% 0 23 11 10 (Quick)
Tin Hammer.png Tin Hammer Tin Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 38% 0 21 10 09 (Quick)
Ebonwood Hammer.png Ebonwood Hammer Ebonwood.png×8 40% 0 20 10 08 (Light)
Iron Hammer.png Iron Hammer Iron Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 40% 0 20 10 08 (Light)
Shadewood Hammer.png Shadewood Hammer Shadewood.png×8 40% 0 20 10 08 (Light)
Lead Hammer.png Lead Hammer Lead Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 43% 0 19 9 08 (Quick)
Pearlwood Hammer.png Pearlwood Hammer Pearlwood.png×8 45% 0 19 9 08 (Quick)
Silver Hammer.png Silver Hammer Silver Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 45% 0 19 9 08 (Quick)
Tungsten Hammer.png Tungsten Hammer Tungsten Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 50% 0 25 12 10 (Light)
Flesh Grinder.png Flesh Grinder Crimtane Bar.png×10 + Tissue Sample.png×5 55% 0 19 9 08 (Quick)
The Breaker.png The Breaker Demonite Bar.png×10 + Shadow Scale.png×5 55% 0 19 9 08 (Quick)
Gold Hammer.png Gold Hammer Gold Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 55% 0 23 11 10 (Quick)
Platinum Hammer.png Platinum Hammer Platinum Bar.png×10 + Wood.png×3 59% 0 21 10 09 (Quick)
Meteor Hamaxe.png Meteor Hamaxe Meteorite Bar.png× Desktop only.pngConsole only.png20/Mobile only.png35 60% 0 16 8 07 (Nimble)
Rockfish.png Rockfish N/A (Obtained from fishing) 70% 0 14 7 06 (Nimble)
Molten Hamaxe.png Molten Hamaxe Hellstone Bar.png×15 70% 0 14 7 06 (Nimble)
Pwnhammer.png Pwnhammer N/A (Dropped by the Wall of Flesh 100%) 80% 0 14 7 06 (Nimble)
Hammush.png Hammush N/A (Bought from the Truffle for 40 Gold Coin) 85% 0 14 7 06 (Nimble)
Chlorophyte Warhammer.png Chlorophyte Warhammer Chlorophyte Bar.png×18 90% +1 14 7 06 (Nimble)
Chlorophyte Jackhammer.png Chlorophyte Jackhammer Chlorophyte Bar.png×18 90% +1 16 8 08 (ineligible)
Spectre Hamaxe.png Spectre Hamaxe Desktop only.png Spectre Bar.png×18
Console only.pngMobile only.png Ectoplasm.png×18 + Chlorophyte Bar.png×18
90% +3 8 4 03 (Quick)
Nebula Hamaxe.png Luminite Hamaxes Desktop only.png Desktop only.png Luminite Bar.png×12 +
[ Solar Fragment.png×14 or Vortex Fragment.png×14
or Nebula Fragment.png×14 or Stardust Fragment.png×14 ]
100% +4 7 3 03 (none)
The Axe.png The Axe N/A (Dropped by Plantera 2%) 100% +1 7 (Desktop only.png)
6 (Mobile only.pngConsole only.png)
3 03 (none) (Desktop only.png)
02 (Quick) (Mobile only.pngConsole only.png)

Fastest mining tools[edit | edit source]

Note: again, the Legendary, Deadly, Agile, and Nasty prefixes have exactly the same impact on mining speed as Quick.

Pre-hardmode[edit | edit source]

Pickaxes

Axes

Hammers

Hardmode[edit | edit source]

Pickaxes

Axes

Hammers

Trivia[edit | edit source]

Despite being presumably higher-tech, Drills and Chainsaws are generally inferior to Pickaxes and Axes made out of the same material: they have the same or worse tool speed and they cannot be reforged to increase that speed. They do have the advantage that clicking "resets" the digging process, so you can theoretically make up the difference (and then some) by clicking rapidly. However, faster tools require faster clicking to keep up, and realistically, doing this with even Cobalt tools is very demanding, most likely requiring two hands on the mouse for any player not thoroughly seasoned in rapid clicking from other games.

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