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  • Gold Ore.png Hellstone.png Mythril Ore.png
Stack digit 9.pngStack digit 9.pngStack digit 9.png
TypeCrafting material
Use time14 Very Fast

Ores are primary crafting materials necessary for game progress. They generally must be crafted into bars at a Furnace, after which they can craft several essential tools, weapons, armor, and other items. Some items require raw Ores themselves, most commonly bricks and potions. Raw Ores can also be used as plain blocks for construction.

Ores are generally found as veins of placed blocks Underground and below, and are mined with a Pickaxe. Lower-tier Ores can be found among Dirt near the Surface, or within Floating Islands. Some Ores are also dropped by bosses, namely Eye of Cthulhu, Eater of Worlds, Brain of Cthulhu, OcramOld-gen console versionMobile Version3DS version, and Moon LordDesktop VersionConsole Version.

An Extractinator, or Wooden Crates (from Fishing), may also provide Ores as random rewards.

A world will generally only contain one Ore type from each tier, which are chosen at random (see tables below). The alternate Ore types that don't generate naturally in a world can be obtained from Slimes, Crates, an Extractinator, or from other worlds. Hardmode Ore types are chosen at random when players destroy Altars.

List of ores[edit | edit source]

Ore Value
Copper OreCopper Ore 50 Copper Coin
Tin OreTin Ore 75 Copper Coin
Iron OreIron Ore 1 Silver Coin
Lead OreLead Ore 1 Silver Coin 50 Copper Coin
Silver OreSilver Ore 2 Silver Coin
Tungsten OreTungsten Ore 3 Silver Coin
Gold OreGold Ore 4 Silver Coin
Platinum OrePlatinum Ore 6 Silver Coin
MeteoriteMeteorite 2 Silver Coin
Demonite OreDemonite Ore 8 Silver Coin
Crimtane OreCrimtane Ore 9 Silver Coin
ObsidianObsidian n/a
HellstoneHellstone n/a
Cobalt OreCobalt Ore 7 Silver Coin
Palladium OrePalladium Ore 9 Silver Coin
Mythril OreMythril Ore 11 Silver Coin
Orichalcum OreOrichalcum Ore 13 Silver Coin
Adamantite OreAdamantite Ore 15 Silver Coin
Titanium OreTitanium Ore 17 Silver Coin
Chlorophyte OreChlorophyte Ore 6 Silver Coin
LuminiteLuminiteDesktop VersionConsole Version 30 Silver Coin

Pre-Hardmode[edit | edit source]

Tier Possible Ore Types Minimum Tool(s)
Per Bar
1 Copper Ore (placed).png Copper OreCopper Ore Tin Ore (placed).png Tin OreTin Ore Copper Pickaxe Tin Pickaxe 3 Surface, Underground, Cavern
2 Iron Ore (placed).png Iron OreIron Ore Lead Ore (placed).png Lead OreLead Ore Copper Pickaxe Tin Pickaxe 3 Surface, Underground, Cavern
3 Silver Ore (placed).png Silver OreSilver Ore Tungsten Ore (placed).png Tungsten OreTungsten Ore Copper Pickaxe Tin Pickaxe 4 Underground, Cavern, Floating Islands, Surface (Rarely)
4 Gold Ore (placed).png Gold OreGold Ore Platinum Ore (placed).png Platinum OrePlatinum Ore Copper Pickaxe Tin Pickaxe 4 Underground, Cavern, Floating Island, Surface (Very Rarely)
5 Meteorite (placed).png MeteoriteMeteorite Tungsten Pickaxe Gold Pickaxe Platinum Pickaxe 3 Meteorite Biome
6 Demonite Ore (placed).png Demonite OreDemonite Ore Crimtane Ore (placed).png Crimtane OreCrimtane Ore Gold Pickaxe Platinum Pickaxe 3 Eye of Cthulhu, Underground, Cavern, Eater of Worlds (Demonite), Brain of Cthulhu (Crimtane)
7 Obsidian (placed).png ObsidianObsidian Nightmare Pickaxe Deathbringer Pickaxe n/a Contact between Water & Lava
8 Hellstone (placed).png HellstoneHellstone Nightmare Pickaxe Deathbringer Pickaxe 1 Obsidian + 3 Hellstone Underworld

Hardmode[edit | edit source]

Tier Possible Ore Types Minimum Tool(s)
Per Bar
9 Cobalt Ore (placed).png Cobalt OreCobalt Ore Palladium Ore (placed).png Palladium OrePalladium Ore Molten Pickaxe Reaver Shark 3 Underground, Cavern
10 Mythril Ore (placed).png Mythril OreMythril Ore Orichalcum Ore (placed).png Orichalcum OreOrichalcum Ore Cobalt Pickaxe Cobalt Drill Palladium Pickaxe Palladium Drill 4 Cavern
11 Adamantite Ore (placed).png Adamantite OreAdamantite Ore Titanium Ore (placed).png Titanium OreTitanium Ore Mythril Pickaxe Mythril Drill Orichalcum Pickaxe Orichalcum Drill
Palladium Pickaxe Palladium Drill (works on Mobile version Mobile only)
5 Cavern (roughly at Lava depth), OcramOld-gen console versionMobile Version3DS version (Adamantite only)
12 Chlorophyte Ore (placed).png Chlorophyte OreChlorophyte Ore Pickaxe Axe Drax 6 Underground Jungle
13 Luminite (placed).png LuminiteLuminiteDesktop VersionConsole Version Copper Pickaxe Tin Pickaxe 4 Moon Lord

Spawning the first three tiers of Hardmode Ore requires the destruction of Demon/Crimson Altars. This requires a Hammer with 80% hammer power or higher, e.g. the Pwnhammer. Each destroyed Altar spawns deposits of one of six new Hardmode Ores, replacing natural world blocks below the underground layer:

  1. First Altar: Cobalt Ore or Palladium Ore
  2. Second Altar: Mythril Ore or Orichalcum Ore
  3. Third Altar: Adamantite Ore or Titanium Ore
  • Destroying a fourth Altar spawns another round of whichever type spawned for the first Altar (Cobalt or Palladium). A fifth spawns more of whichever type spawned for the second Altar (Mythril or Orichalcum), etc.
  • Destroying more Altars will never spawn Hardmode ore types beyond the 3 that were randomly assigned to your world during the initial round of destroyed Altars. A world with Palladium Ore deposits will never spawn Cobalt Ore deposits, or vice-versa.
  • Ore spawns will never overwrite existing mineral deposits or placed Wood blocks of any type, nor any form of Brick, only natural biome blocks (such as Dirt, Mud, Stone, etc).

Chlorophyte Ore spawns on its own once Hardmode is triggered, and Luminite does not occur naturally. Neither are affected by destroyed Altars.

Achievements[edit | edit source]

Achievement Ooo! Shiny!.png
Ooo! Shiny! • "Mine your first nugget of ore with a pickaxe."
Mine your first ore. Desktop VersionConsole Version
Achievement Extra Shiny!.png
Extra Shiny! • "Mine a powerful ore that has been newly blessed upon your world."
Mine your first Hardmode ore. Desktop VersionConsole Version
Achievement Photosynthesis.png
Photosynthesis • "Mine chlorophyte, an organic ore found deep among the thickest of flora."
Mine your first Chlorophyte Ore. Desktop VersionConsole Version

Tips[edit | edit source]

  • Each Hardmode ore is chosen at the moment you break the first three Altars in the world. You can choose the ores you like by quitting your world without saving (by ending the task or killing the process) after smashing your first Altars. It is more easily done with a server, using the exit-nosave command.
  • All ores except Hellstone and Obsidian are highlighted by the Spelunker buff, making it easy to find veins of ore. Hellstone is not lit up by the buff, but it is by a Dangersense Potion. Obsidian is easily found and made around lava.
  • Using a Crate Potion will improve the chances of obtaining crates, and as such the ore-bearing Wooden Crates.
  • If you fill in caves with spare natural blocks such as dirt, then destroy Altars, Hardmode ores can spawn in them. They can then also be seen on the minimap, presenting an easy way to convert extra blocks into ores and know their exact location.
  • In the Mobile version Mobile version, the Palladium Pickaxe and drill can mine Adamantite and Titanium.
  • Most ores sell for the same as or more than the bars made from them. The exceptions are the late pre-Hardmode ores (Meteorite, Demonite/Crimtane, Hellstone), and Chlorophyte, all of which are far more profitable as bars. (Hellstone and Obsidian are unsaleable as ores, and there is no Obsidian Bar).

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • Old-gen console versionMobile Version3DS version Hellstone's item sprite is a recolor of that of Silver Ore.
  • Hellstone and Chlorophyte are the only ores that cannot be infinitely generated within a single world. Others can be obtained from sources such as Crates, an Extractinator, bosses, duplicable Liquids, and Meteorite crashes. Furthermore, Chlorophyte can be grown using mud, which, while not truly infinite, is unlimited for all practical purposes.
  • Iron and Lead are the only ores not to have bricks.
  • Despite being a late-game ore, Chlorophyte Ore only sells for 6 Silver Coin per ore. This may be because the player can keep farming large amounts of Chlorophyte Ore and selling it for money. Luminite sells for the most, being 30 Silver Coin per ore.
  • Palladium, Cobalt, and Titanium are the only Hardmode ores named after real metals.

History[edit | edit source]

  • Desktop 1.2.3:
    • Ore now stacks to 999.
    • Chlorophyte is slightly rarer and grows slower.
    • Hardmode Ores generate slightly less.
  • Desktop 1.2:
    • Added 8 new Ores as possible alternatives to the original 8: Tin, Lead, Tungsten, Platinum, Crimtane, Palladium, Orichalcum, and Titanium Ore, ordered by tier.
    • Added Chlorophyte Ore.
  • Desktop 1.0.2: Mining stone and other hard ores make a noise now.
  • Desktop-Release: Introduced Copper, Iron, Silver, and Gold Ores, Hellstone, Obsidian, and Meteorite.
  • Console 1.06:
    • Ore now stacks to 999.
    • Chlorophyte is slightly rarer and grows slower.
    • Hardmode Ores generate slightly less.
  • Console-Release: Introduced with mining noises.
    • Pre-Hardmode Ores: Copper, Iron, Silver, and Gold Ores, Hellstone, Obsidian, and Meteorite.
    • Hardmode Ores: Cobalt, Mythril, and Adamantite Ores.
  • Mobile 1.2.11212:
    • Ore now stacks to 999.
    • Chlorophyte is slightly rarer and grows slower.
    • Hardmode Ores generate slightly less.
  • Mobile 1.1.5536: Introduced Hardmode Ores: Cobalt, Mythril and Adamantite Ore.
  • Mobile-Release: Introduced Copper, Iron, Silver, and Gold Ores, Hellstone, Obsidian, and Meteorite. These make noises when mined.
  • 3DS-Release: Introduced with mining noises and generation mechanics from Desktop 1.2.3.
    • Pre-Hardmode Ores: Copper, Tin, Iron, Lead, Silver, Tungsten, Gold, and Platinum Ores, Hellstone, Obsidian, and Meteorite.
    • Hardmode Ores: Cobalt, Palladium, Mythril, Orichalcum, Adamantite, Titanium, and Chlorophyte Ores.